Oral surgery is used in treating many diseases, injuries, defects, and issues in the hard and soft tissues of the oral cavity. Some common oral surgeries include:
- Tooth extractions
- Corrective jaw surgery
- Dental implants
Oral surgery is also commonly used to treat oral cancer and may be used as a combination treatment with radiation therapy.
Tooth extraction is a procedure that involves the removal of a tooth from its socket in the bone. Excessive tooth decay, tooth infection, and crowding are conditions which can all require a tooth extraction. People who get braces may need one or two teeth removed to create room for their other teeth as they move into place. Also, those who undergo chemotherapy or are about to have an organ transplant may need affected teeth removed to keep their mouth healthy.
Tooth extraction is doneby a dentist or oral surgeon and is a relatively quick outpatient process with either general, local, intravenous anesthesia. Removing visible teeth involves a simple extraction. Teeth that are broken, below the surface, or impacted necessitate a more advanced procedure.
How to prepare for a tooth extraction
Before scheduling the procedure, your dentist examines your tooth by taking an X-ray of it. Notify the practitioner of any medications you take, as well as supplements and over-the-counter drugs.
Tell your dentist if you will be treatedfor another medical condition such as with an intravenous drug called a bisphosphonate soon. If so, the extraction should be done prior tothe drug treatment. Otherwise, your jaw could be at risk for osteonecrosis (bone death). If you will bereceiving general anesthesia, seek someone that will drive you home.
What is the procedure for a tooth extraction?
This process begins with the administration of a local anesthetic, which numbs the area around your tooth. You will only be able to feel only pressure, not pain, during the procedure. The doctor then uses a tool called an elevator to loosen the tooth and uses forceps to remove it.
Here, both local anesthesia and intravenous anesthesia may be administered. The intravenous anesthesia will make you calm and relaxed. The doctor could also administer general anesthesia, depending on any medical condition you may have. With general anesthesia, you will remain unconscious throughout the procedure.
The general dentist or oral surgeon then cuts into your gum, making a small incision. They may have to remove some bone around your tooth or split your tooth before it can be extracted.
What are the risks of a tooth extraction?
There are a few risks that a tooth extraction procedure might pose; however, if your dentist recommends the process, the benefits could outweigh an infinitesimalchance of complications.
Usually, after tooth extraction, a blood clot naturally accumulates in the socket. However, if the blood clot doesn’t form or it dislodges, the bone inside the socketmight be exposed. If this happens, the dentist will secure the area by putting a sedative dressing over it. The dressing should last for a few days andduring this time, a new clot will form.
How long does it take to recover from a tooth extraction?
It usually takes a few days for a patient to recover after a tooth extraction. Follow these tips to help ensure that your recovery goes smoothly:
- Apply an ice pack to your cheek directly after the extractionto reduce the swelling.
- After the dentist places the gauze pad over the affected area, bite it down to reduce bleeding and to foster clot formation. Let the gauzeremain for three to four hours.
- Don’t use a straw within the first 24 hours.
- Do not smoke.
- Do not rinse your mouth for 24 hours after the tooth extraction; spit gently.
- Use pillows to prop your head up when you lie down.
- Brush and floss your teeth, as usual, making sure to avoid the extraction site.
- Eat soft foods such as yogurt, pudding, and applesauce, the day after the procedure.
- After 24 hours, pour a half-teaspoon of salt to eight ounces of warm water to rinse your mouth.
- As you heal over the next few days, you can start eating other foods slowly.
Frequently Asked Questions
Do I need oral surgery?
Many common dental services such as dental implants or tooth extractions will require oral surgery.
What should I expect?
During a consultative process, you and Dr. Michelle will assess the current situation, take scans or x-rays if needed, and develop a course of action to correct any issues
When should I schedule an appointment?
If you are looking for a dentist in Austin, TX you can easily schedule an appointment online here.